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Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Z

V

Validation

Confirmation (through strong, sound, objective evidence) that requirements for a specific intended use or application have been fulfilled.

Vector

An access method for cyber operations.

Verification

Confirmation, through the provision of objective evidence, that specified requirements have been fulfilled.

Virtual Local Area Network (VLAN)

Network devices and ICT equipment grouped logically based on resources, security or business requirements instead of their physical location.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)

A network that maintains privacy through a tunnelling protocol and security procedures. VPNs may use encryption to protect traffic.

Virtual reality (VR)

A simulated experience that can be similar to or completely different from the real world.

Virtualisation

Simulation of a hardware platform, operating system, application, storage device or network resource.

Virus

A type of malware. Viruses spread on their own by attaching code to other programs, or copying themselves across systems and networks.

VLAN

Virtual Local Area Network

Vodafone

A British multinational telecommunications conglomerate with headquarters in London.

Volatile media

A type of media, such as RAM, which gradually loses its information when power is removed.

VPN

Virtual Private Network

VR

Virtual reality

Vulnerability

A weakness in system security requirements, design, implementation or operation that could be exploited.

Vulnerability assessment

A documentation-based review of a system’s design, an in-depth hands-on assessment, or automated scanning with software tools. In each case, the goal is to identify as many security vulnerabilities as possible.

Vulnerability management

The process of identifying, prioritising and responding to security vulnerabilities.